Of great pedagogical importance for the intensive study of the Bulgarian language is the availability of textbooks and teaching aids, specially prepared for the needs of the training. The teaching methodology defines the goals and objectives of language training; the volume and nature of the content; specific methods of work, etc.
It also implies a new approach in accordance with the professional interests and future activities of the students, their age characteristics, work in small groups and others. The aim of the training for reaching the initial levels (A1 and A2) of fluency in Bulgarian is to form the students’ skills for elementary speech communication in family, school and social environment. Therefore, trainees are required:
• become familiar with the Bulgarian alphabet;
• acquire basic knowledge of Bulgarian language phenomena;
• master some legal and spelling rules on a practical level;
• To build a basic vocabulary in them, which will allow them elementary communication in family, school and public environment;
• to get initial ideas about Bulgarian speech etiquette, Bulgarian literacy and culture. The end result of the B1 basic level training is to develop skills for comprehension and compilation of texts in Bulgarian language, and to expand communication opportunities, mainly in the conversational and scientific fields. It is necessary to achieve:
• formation of the students’ initial idea of the system in the Bulgarian language;
• Enriching their vocabulary with colloquial and popular scientific terminology;
• developing their skills for proper and appropriate use of grammatical units in speech; • improving their pronunciation skills;
• Developing the skills and habits for correct spelling based on learning the spelling standards.
In order to reach the average B2 level of proficiency in the Bulgarian language, skills should be developed for the perception and reproduction of texts from different spheres of life, as well as skills for creating some genres. To achieve this, the following major tasks need to be accomplished:
• Enrich the vocabulary of trainees with a view to full communication in the arts and sciences; to acquire knowledge and skills for using the figurative meaning of words in speech;
• to develop skills for the formation and use of grammar in the Bulgarian language; build skills for using more complex syntactic constructs;
• improve their spelling, spelling and punctuation skills;
• develop receptive and productive skills in trainees to work on business, media and scientific texts;
• to familiarize the trainees with the geographical, historical, ethnographic and cultural aspects of Bulgarian country studies.
The high levels (C1 and C2) of foreign language proficiency in the Bulgarian language approach the level of native language proficiency. It is well known that the mother tongue is also learned to a different extent. We can assume that the high level for students is the level that every native speaker has attained upon completion of his / her secondary education, which meets his / her communication needs, provides him / her with the opportunity to make a choice of language resources.
In other words, the goal is to develop communication and speaking skills for good communication in all walks of life. In order to achieve high levels of language proficiency, it is necessary to select more specific knowledge and determine receptive and productive skills in the content of the materials:
• to choose structural concepts that can be the optimal theoretical basis and become an integral part of the metalinguistic culture of the individual. • To overlap the functional values of language units that underlie the conscious development of speech.
• to highlight the linguistic phenomena on the basis of which the linguistic sense will develop – to represent synonymy, antonymy and paraphrase.
• to form an attitude for perception of the Bulgarian fiction, to develop skills for analyzing and interpreting fiction texts.
At all levels, trainees are introduced to the geographical, historical, ethnographic and cultural aspects of Bulgarian country studies, developing intercultural communication competence in them, which is further supported by specific examples.